6.2 Non-Projected Display Materials

6.2.1 Chalkboard and Whiteboard

What must you do to use the chalkboard and whiteboard effectively?

Click Yes or No for a response

a. Write legibly and horizontally Yes No
b. Hold the chalk like a pen or pencil Yes No
c. Use chalks and felt-tip pens of various colours Yes No
d Stand on your left-hand side to write if you are a right-handed person (and vice versa if you are a left-handed person) Yes No
e. Concentrate on the centre of the board Yes No

6.2.2 Flannelboard and Magnetboard

Why use the Flannelboard?

Figurines for the Flannelboard

6.2.3 Flipboard, Charts and Wall-Charts


Flipcharts, Charts and Wall-charts are versatile and useful visual aids that have been used by teachers for a long time. Let us now look in turn at each of them to see how you can use them effectively in your teaching.


These consist of a number of large sheets of paper, fixed to a support bar, easel or a display board by clamming or pinning them along their top edges so that they can be flipped backwards or forwards as required. See illustration below:

Illustration of flipcharts

Advantages of Using Flipcharts

Can you think of ways of using flipcharts effectively?

Jot down your ideas and compare them to the suggestions below.

Click on each of these suggestions to see its elaboration.

  1. Preparing your Charts
  2. Using the Flipchart on the spot during your presentation
  3. Using Flipcharts for Group Discussions

What do you think? Jot down your ideas and compare them with mine. Click on each of my ideas above to see how I have elaborated on them.

Now work through the rest of Unit 6 to learn how best you can use these teaching aids to make your teaching more effective and interesting.

Charts and Wall-Charts

Although charts and wall-charts are basically the same, they can be distinquished in two ways:

Both charts and wall-charts have a great advantage in that they can contain far more complicated and detailed information than say, transparencies or flipcharts.

Illustration of a wall-chart

What must you consider when you plan to produce your own charts and wall-charts? Write down your suggestions and then click here to see my ideas on the matter.

6.2.4 Pictorial Materials


Pictorial materials are so easily available yet some teachers complain that they cannot get ‘good’ pictures for teaching purposes. These teachers seem to be confused with what constitutes a ‘good’ picture. Is a picture ‘good’ only when it is big enough to be seen by a class of forty students? Is it ‘good’ only when it is colourful? Is it ‘good’ only when it represents the item you want to teach? Actually, any picture in the hands of the skilful teacher can be effectively used for teaching purposes.

What must you do to ensure that you have ‘good’ pictures available when you need to use them? Here are some suggestions:

What factors must you consider when selecting a picture for a particular lesson? Jot down your ideas and compare them with the suggestions below.

How can pictures be used in the language class? The following are just some possibilities. I am sure you can suggest some more.

6.2.5 Realia and Models

What is Realia?

In the context of the ESL classroom, realia can be defined as a real object which:

Realia can be in the form of:

Why use Realia?

What problems might you face when you bring linguistic realia into the classroom?

There are certain principles that you must keep in mind when using realia in the classroom.


What are Models good for?

Consider the following when you use models in your lesson: